The types design and process of data collection

However, information on these standards can often only be obtained through participant-observation. Accessing this data allows you to see how many people visited your site, how long they were on it, what they clicked on and more.

data collection in research methodology

Your choice of research instrument will be based on the nature of the data you are trying to collect. Qualitative Data Collection Methods Exploratory in nature, these methods are mainly concerned at gaining insights and understanding on underlying reasons and motivations, so they tend to dig deeper.

Quantitative data collection methods

Aside from note-taking, other documentation methods may be used, such as video and audio recording, photography, and the use of tangible items such as artifacts, mementoes, and other tools. You may store transactional records in a customer relationship management system. These companies may not only include fishing companies, but also other type of companies involved in processing and marketing fishery products. As you look at the data for your new website, for instance, you may discover videos are consistently increasing in popularity, as opposed to articles. This method works best face-to-face as the data collection can collect as accurate information as possible. Who will the group of interest be compared to? Why does it have to be systematic, and not just done on the fly, using whatever makes the data gatherer comfortable? Interviews are usually begun with a set of baseline questions, but the interviewer expects to elicit new and perhaps unexpected information by requesting that the key informant expand on his or her answers to these initial questions.

In this context, high quality data refers to data that is free from errors and bias arising from subjectivity, thereby increasing their reliability.

One-on-one Interviews: This quantitative data collection method was also traditionally conducted face-to-face but has shifted to telephonic and online platforms.

Data collection procedures pdf

Qualitative Data. Although registers are usually implemented for purposes other than to collect data, they can be very useful in the design and implementation of a statistical system, provided that the data they contain are reliable, timely and complete 6. Aside from note-taking, other documentation methods may be used, such as video and audio recording, photography, and the use of tangible items such as artifacts, mementoes, and other tools. Since it will be relatively simple to check remotely sensed position against recorded position, logsheet records should become more representative of real vessel activities at sea. Collecting data to estimate raising factors for converting landed processed fish weight to the whole weight equivalent may be necessary. Text analysis: Text analysis is an advanced statistical method where intelligent tools make sense of and quantify or fashion qualitative and open-ended data into easily understandable data. This is also the time to plan where you will conduct your research telephone, in-person, mail, internet, etc. Descriptive statistics suffice in situations where the results are not to be generalized to the population.

Explaining the technical steps involved in analyzing and interpreting data is beyond the scope of this guide. Quantification of qualitative entities: Identify numbers to qualitative information. Have any claims, grievances or allegations been made or received relating to discrimination, harassment or systemic barriers?

The pure interview approach can be used in those cases where a pre-determined sub-set of the fishing units has been selected. Similarly, socio-cultural research methods can be used to obtain specific information useful to management. You will be the first party to use this exact set of data.

A survey requesting self-identification information might be more effective in this regard.

The types design and process of data collection

Generally, qualitative methods are time-consuming and expensive to conduct, and so researchers try to lower the costs incurred by decreasing the sample size or number of respondents. Often, the amount of data and frequency of collection can be established analytically with preliminary data. However, in some circumstances off-loading in harbours, at the dock or at sea may only be partial, some being retained on board until the next off-loading. In analyzing the case study, the researcher may employ other methods such as interviewing, floating questionnaires, or conducting group discussions in order to gather data. For the large-scale fishery where a logbook system is used, data collected at landing sites could be used to crosscheck data recorded in logbooks. This survey data can be qualitative or quantitative in nature and the survey creator does not interfere with the survey respondents. These surveys can be used where laptops, computers, and tablets cannot go and hence they use the age-old method of data collection ; pen and paper. Given the potential volume of paper work, simplicity and brevity will often be the most important criteria. However, ALCs will be deficient in one simple respect: entry of data on the catch remains the responsibility of the captain. Information gathered using observation techniques differs from interviewing, because the observer does not actively ask the respondent questions. You can look through your follower list to see who follows you and what characteristics they have in common to enhance your understanding of who your target audience should be. This is also the time to plan where you will conduct your research telephone, in-person, mail, internet, etc. Aside from note-taking, other documentation methods may be used, such as video and audio recording, photography, and the use of tangible items such as artifacts, mementoes, and other tools. The results are collected in real-time for researchers to analyze and decide corrective measures.
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DATA COLLECTION METHODS