Because a synthesis is based on two or more sources, you will need to be selective when choosing information from each. Document your sources.
Synthesis writing exercise
Figure 7. Select and carefully read your sources, according to your purpose. Proofread carefully to identify and correct mechanical errors, such as errors in plurals or possessives, subject-verb agreement, shifts in verb tense or person "you" , comma errors, spelling errors, and so on. The explanatory synthesis does not go much beyond what is obvious from a careful reading of the sources. At some time you may need to summarize a crucial source in some detail. Formulate a thesis. Organize your paper logically: A. Whichever method you choose, this type of organization will help you to both understand the information you find and structure the writing of your review. Having read and considered sources A, B, and C, can you infer something else - D not a source, but your own idea? It makes a proposition about which reasonable people could disagree, and any two writers working with the same source materials could conceive of and support other, opposite theses. By comparing and contrasting, you perform a multifaceted analysis that often suggests subtleties that otherwise might not have come to your attention. Make sure your main points are clearly stated use topic sentences , and connect each point to your thesis as explicitly as possible. Check for grammatical correctness, punctuation, and spelling. Make sure the essay reads smoothly, logically, and clearly from beginning to end.
Your thesis is the main idea that you want to present in your synthesis. Develop each main idea thoroughly. A synthesis is a written discussion that draws on one or more sources. At the conclusion of this chapter, you will be able to: synthesize key sources connecting them with the research question and topic area.
Re-read your sources and write down the information from your sources that will best develop and support your thesis. Select and carefully read your sources, according to your purpose. Make sure sentences are clear and unambiguous.
Make sure your main points are clearly stated use topic sentencesand connect each point to your thesis as explicitly as possible. At some time you may need to summarize a crucial source in some detail. It must be expressed as a complete sentence and include a statement of the topic and your assertion about that topic.
It will frequently be helpful for your readers if you provide at least partial summaries of sources in your synthesis essays. Integrate all quotations so they flow smoothly within your own sentences.
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