An analysis of a valediction forbidding mourning a poem by john donne

Donne has rightly said that the relation between two spiritual lovers is similar to a compass.

A valediction forbidding mourning metaphysical conceit

Numbers of critics have appreciated the conceit of a compass, through which John Donne has simplified the emotions of love. This poem is composed up of nine stanzas containing four lines in each stanza. The point is that they are spiritually bound together regardless of the earthly distance between them. Indeed, the separation merely adds to the distance covered by their love, like a sheet of gold, hammered so thin that it covers a huge area and gilds so much more than a love concentrated in one place ever could. It goes beyond that which ordinary people experience. Valediction means farewell. It is, therefore, he suggests his beloved not to mourn on his valediction. Donne summarizes the concept of spiritual love in this poem. Our two souls therefore, which are one, Though I must go, endure not yet A breach, but an expansion, Like gold to airy thinness beat. There are a few moments though where this reverses and instead the first syllable is stressed trochaic tetrameter.

Donne has presented a relationship between two lovers very beautifully. Apart from gold and virtuous men, compass is worth mentioning. This kinship between their souls means that they can transcend the physical basis of their relationship and so endure time apart from each other, while Donne is on the Continent and his wife remains back at home.

A valediction forbidding mourning questions and answers

No matter how far they go, ultimately, they have to return. The speaker gives here and analogy of gold. For one thing, it is no real separation, like the difference between a breath and the absence of a breath. This famous and ingenious use of the compass as a conceit is exceptional. The dying man is not alone. He might also be suggesting that their separation, though only temporary, will be like a small death to him. While there are other well-known writers who made this style of poetry popular, Donne is by far the most discussed and most analyzed.

His precision of wording in this poem is praise worthy. How should we analyse it?

a valediction forbidding mourning analysis pdf

Gold actually is a symbol of love. This means it can overcome any mundane barrier life throws at it.

a valediction forbidding mourning literary devices
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Analysis of A Valediction Forbidding Mourning by John