A history of carthage
However, in the late s, it became clear that although the archaeologists had done their job well, their method of dating had been wrong.
Carthaginian holdings west of the Halycas river remained secure. They in turn returned to Africa and besieged Carthage, which duly surrendered.
Inat Mylae, their consul Gaius Duillius defeated admiral Hannibal, and won Rome's first naval victory ever. There is no doubt that I would enjoy reading a good narrative history of Carthage if it could be found, but this book is heavy on archaeology, heavy on discussion about digs and about those who have written about Carthage and key moments of its history, and not as much of a history as one would hope.
Early History Carthage was only one amongst several colonies which the Phoenicians planted along the coasts of the western Mediterranean. Based on this abstinence from Greek affairs, it is assumed that Carthage was crippled after the defeat of Himera.
The Carthaginian government accepted Hamilcar's proposal to compensate for the loss of Sicily by conquering Hispania. The expedition met with success, but during the same year, Libyans and Sardinians revolted, and a plague again swept through Africa. Greek influence in the western Mediterranean became supplanted by Rome, the new rival of Carthage. All would change and transform on the day when a Queen of Tyre arrived with a fleet of ships, carrying nobility and well-connected merchants, and royal treasure. Carthage's approach to its allies differed from that developed by Rome. Main article: Pyrrhic War Between and BC, Pyrrhus of Epirus waged two major campaigns in an effort to protect and extend the influence of the Macedonians in the western Mediterranean: one against the emerging power of the Roman Republic in southern Italy, the other against Carthage in Sicily. The Carthaginians did not attack Syracuse or Akragas , but departed for Africa with the spoils of war, and a three-year lull fell in Sicily. Early in their history, Rome and Carthage signed several treaties of friendship and even fought as somewhat unenthusiastic allies against adventuring Greek potentates. According to the Greek historian Timaeus of Tauromenion, Carthage was founded in or ; another author, Justin, suggested Punic mask Woman's mask Demeter or Medusa Incense burner Head of a bearded man Origins of Empire Tanit on a Carthaginian coin No doubt, the Carthaginian towns often had to fight against people in the hinterland. However, after these successes, the Roman war machine came to as standstill. In the 10th century BC, the eastern Mediterranean shore was inhabited by various Semitic populations, who had built up flourishing civilizations. The election took place in Carthage, and the kings at first were war leaders, civic administrators and performed certain religious duties.
The Carthaginians faced resistance from Nora and Sulci in Sardinia, while Carales and Tharros had submitted willingly to Carthaginian rule.
A long struggle ensued, with intermittent warfare between Syracuse and Carthage.
What happened to the carthaginians
It was the vulnerability of the Carthaginian economy to Greek commercial competition that caused Carthage to take on the Greeks during the early years of her empire. By B. By the 6th century BCE Carthage dominated the trade of the western Mediterranean, and had become a formidable political power. Her dependence on trade and focus on protecting that trade network saw the evolution of an overseas hegemony before Carthage pushed inland into Africa. A power struggle saw Hanno eventually depose his rival Suniatus Leader of the Council of Elders through the judicial process and execute him. Once the two ships were tied to each other, the naval battle had changed into a land battle. The reign of kings[ edit ] 4th—3rd centuries BC Phoenician style glass pendant in the form of a head Carthage was initially ruled by kings, who were elected by the Carthaginian senate and served for a specific time period. A great trading centre Carthage was exceptionally favoured by its geographical position, which commanded the narrow strip of sea which separates the large island of Sicily from North Africa. This obsessive frenzy of destruction has a sting in the tail for the Romans. After Tyre was conquered by the Babylonians in the early sixth century, the Phoenician colonies in the western Mediterranean turned to powerful Carthage for protection and support against their Greek rivals. The Carthaginians fought a battle outside Lilybaeum in BC, and lost. In conducting these conflicts, which spanned between — BC, the overseas empire of Carthage also came into being under the military leadership of the "kings". Carthage stationed troops and some type of central administration in Sardinia and Iberia to control her domain. There is no doubt that I would enjoy reading a good narrative history of Carthage if it could be found, but this book is heavy on archaeology, heavy on discussion about digs and about those who have written about Carthage and key moments of its history, and not as much of a history as one would hope. These provinces, rich from agriculture, run in a continuous coastal strip along the northern parts of present-day Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya before linking with the province of Egypt, where the Nile allows Roman penetration further south into the continent.
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